The area where the municipality of Pale is located today was partially inhabited, probably from the early prehistoric period. This area has always been an important traffic link between west and east (Sarajevo valley and the Drina river). Thus, two important ancient road communications passed through Pale – the trade route through Mokro and Romanija, and the road through the valley of the river Prača to Ranjen, Goražde and further. In Roman times, a Roman road passed through Pale, and there was a Roman station in Pale. In the time of Rome, such stations were in places where one passes from the plains to the mountainous regions, in order for travelers to rest or spend the night.
The cultural and historical heritage of the municipality of Pale is very rich and diverse. Prehistoric mounds (gromile) were found, which were most likely formed in 2000 BC, and there are a lot of of stećak tombstones. The period of the Middle Ages was pretty rich for this area, so there are more archaeological finds from this period.
Stećak Tombstones – There are about 100 necropolises of stećak tombstones in Pale, which are made of stone, most often “stanca”, limestone conglomerate or sandstone. The appearance of stećak tombstones in rows in the east-west (or northeast-southwest) direction is characteristic. The exact number of stećak tombstones in Pale has not been determined, and it is mentioned that there are between 2,000 and 4,000 of them. Some of these stećak tombstones are decorated with depictions of sticks, shields, swords, geometric ornaments, human and animal figures. The most famous necropolis is Mramorje in the village of Budj in Pale. This necropolis was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2016, and it is characteristic that all 127 stećak tombstones of this necropolis were made of one piece of stone. One of the largest stećak tombstones in the Balkans is located in that necropolis.